Where can a drone fly?

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Drones and regulations

Drones are regulated aircraft in the same way as all flying devices. It is everyone’s responsibility to learn about the laws governing this practice.

The classification of drones

Previously, French law grouped the flight of drones into two categories. The leisure category and the professional category.

However, since 1 January 2021, a new European regulation has come into force and replaces the old one. It now groups drones into two categories, the Open category and the Specific category.

The difference with this change in law is that previously the category was determined by the use you had of your drone, now it concerns the level of risk assigned to your drone.

The open category itself includes different subcategories indexed to risk: from A1 to A3. Subcategory A1 makes it possible to fly close to people and represents little danger, on the other hand subcategory A3 indicates a significant risk. This is determined based on the weight of the device, its flight height, and several features embedded in the drone. The manufacturer will have to classify his drone in the category that corresponds to him and instructs the pilot to inquire about the rights, duties and prohibitions that this entails.

The specific category also includes different subcategories based on similar criteria and more complex criteria.

A professional can very well be classified in the open category as specific. It depends a lot on the drones used and the features it is intended for. 

Many steps must be taken to comply with European laws, but also to be in line with the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGAC). It is imperative that each pilot keep himself regularly informed of changes in these laws.

The special character of drone shows brings Allumee into the specific category. An authorization must be filed with the Directorate of Civil Aviation Safety in order to be able to represent oneself in the desired area. This request includes a file called the Operation Context that summarizes the activity we are going to propose, the procedures and the material. In addition, we provide a SORA analysis, which is a risk analysis of the operation. 

Once these files are validated, we have the agreement to perform on the requested ground. 

Allumee works hand in hand with the DSAC to always achieve a maximum level of safety.

Airspace 

Airspace is an integral part of the regulatory factors to consider when flying a drone. A drone like any other flying device must respect flight zones to keep a safety between each device and allow to share the airspace with the others.

The geoportal site is at the disposal of the user to know as well as possible the regulations in his flight area.

Allumee always keeps informed of the areas of flights authorized or not, in order to help you in the best in the choice of the location of the show and always with the aim of offering a quality service.

The administrations – DGAC

The Directorate General of Civil Aviation is responsible for regulating and supervising aviation safety, air transport and civil aviation activities in general.

Concretely, it works to find solutions to guarantee optimal quality and safety of flights. It watches over both passengers and pilots, but also all those involved on the ground.

The missions of the DGAC go even further, the organization reconciles the development of aerial activities with life on the ground. It ensures that an aeronautical project does not harm the houses around but also the fauna present.

It plays a role of matchmaker between aviation and local authorities to obtain the best possible cohabitation.

Allumee had to respond to the DGAC’s requests with files of several hundred pages in order to demonstrate that everything was done to guarantee the safety and comfort of the public. The DGAC has approved our safety devices, which allows us to offer you a show in total compliance with the laws in force both in terms of safety and comfort for the public

Conclusion :

After the pilot inquires about the classification of his drone involving different duties and responsibilities, he must analyze the area in which he will fly his drone.

Pilots must respect the airspace by keeping informed of the geographical area in which they are located, thanks to the geoportal site.

The areas chosen must be compatible with drone flight and in line with the recommendations of the DGAC.

If the following criteria are met, the theft can take place, while maintaining vigilance. 

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The influence of weather conditions on drones

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The influence of weather conditions on drones

Drones are very sensitive to weather conditions. An analysis is necessary before a flight in order to preserve the integrity of his drone.

ESSENTIAL PARAMETERS

Is wind dangerous for a drone?

Wind is a factor not to be overlooked to preserve your drone and guarantee optimal safety. There is no fixed figure as to the wind speed for a drone. The maximum speed to fly a drone depends mostly on the type of drone you own. Depending on the model and brand, the maximum wind limit is between 13 km/h for the most fragile to the wind to about 50 km/h for the most resistant.

In addition, if the wind is stable enough, it will be easier to control your drone, however if the wind blows in gusts, then it will be complicated to compensate for it and you could risk a crash. 

As you will have understood, the influence of the wind on your drone really depends on it, by its weight, its size, its grip on the wind, its ability to compensate for movements etc. The best is to refer directly to the instructions of your manufacturer to make sure you meet the conditions requested by the manufacturer

Can rain harm drones ?

Drones and rain are not compatible, however some drones resist better. It depends on the engine used in your drone. A motor with brushes is more affected by moisture. While a brushless motor, or brushless is much less sensitive.

However, as a general rule, avoid flying your drone when it rains or the ground is wet. 

A small drop of water that enters the electrical circuit of your drone can cause a short circuit. It is therefore better to take all precautions regarding humidity, rain and even snow, the latter would bring a new factor : the cold.

Can I fly my drone when it’s cold ?

Yes, flying in cold weather is possible though, it is an important factor to watch out for before and during your flight. Like the factors mentioned above, cold sensitivity depends on your drone.

For drones that date back to about 2015, we can admit that they should not be flown below 0°C. For the most recent drones, we can reach -10 ° C without strongly impacting the autonomy.

This is due to the batteries used and their chemical compounds. The new generations assimilate low temperatures better and are sometimes composed of self-heating batteries, allowing them to resist lower temperatures more easily and for longer. 

The cold therefore affects the capacities of the battery and therefore the performance in flight. This incidence decreases your autonomy in flight, we estimate that a temperature below 0 ° C will reduce the autonomy of a drone by 5%. A 25-minute flight could turn into 22 minutes, then the lower the temperature, the more your battery will be impacted and therefore your flight time will also be greatly reduced. You could risk a complete shutdown of your battery and therefore a crash.

So make your arrangements by keeping your battery warm before the flight and monitor the parameters of your drone during the flight of it. In case of doubt, do not make the flight, it remains more prudent.

In summary, drones can fly even during harsh conditions, however, it is always necessary to analyze the performance of your drone to meet the manufacturer’s recommendations. The drone remains a robust tool that has points of weakness. It is necessary to identify these points and avoid getting too close to them to maintain the integrity of it.

 

ALLUMEE

These factors force Allumee to take all precautions in terms of safety by analyzing the weather conditions to best adapt our service. Our drones are designed to fly for 25 minutes, however we reduce the time of our shows to a maximum of 20 minutes to ensure optimal safety of our spectators and to compensate for any unforeseen event. Everything is done to guarantee a perfectly executed show that will satisfy our audience in every way. Allumee adapts very well to adverse weather conditions such as thunderstorms. We let the storm cell pass and we can start the show.

                                                                                            

Image: safety-drone.shop

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